Physics II Content Standards and Objectives
Physics II advanced level course that is an elective
designed for students who have completed Physics and desire a broader, indepth
study of physics content beyond those studied in Physics. As a college preparatory course, Physics II
is a laboratory driven, advanced study of nature’s universal laws with emphasis
on process skills, using 21^{st} century skills. This course is designed to build upon and
extend the Physics concepts, skills, and knowledge from the science
program. The course emphasizes a
mathematical approach to the area of mechanics, thermodynamics, light and
optics, electricity and magnetism and modern physics. Students will engage in active inquires,
investigations, and handson activities for a minimum of 50% of the
instructional time to develop conceptual understanding and research/laboratory
skills. Safety instruction is integrated
into all activities. The
Janet Benincosa, Technology
Curriculum Specialist
High School 
Physics II 


Standard: 1 
Natural Science 


SC.S.PII.1 
Students will ·
demonstrate
an understanding of history and nature of science as a human endeavor
encompassing the contributions of diverse cultures and scientists. ·
demonstrate
the ability to use the inquiry process to solve problems. 


Performance
Descriptors SC.PD.PII,1 


Distinguished 
Above Mastery 
Mastery 
Partial Mastery 
Novice 


Physics II
students at the distinguished level will analyze the importance of scientific
innovations to the utilization of scientific methodology, variability in
experimental results to advances in societal, cultural and economic issues,
design, conduct, communicate, evaluate and revise experiments utilizing safe
procedures and appropriate technology; draw conclusions from multiple data
sources and interpretation of models. 
Physics II students at the above mastery level will analyze the importance of scientific innovation and recognize the role of these innovations in advancing societal, cultural and economic issues; use scientific methodology to design, conduct, communicate and revise experiments utilizing safe procedures and appropriate technology; draw conclusions from multiple data sources and models. 
Physics II
students at the mastery level will examine the importance of scientific
innovation and recognize the role of these innovations in advancing societal,
cultural and economic issues; use scientific methodology to conduct,
communicate and revise experiments utilizing safe procedures and appropriate
technology; draw conclusions from data sources and models. 
Physics II
students at the partial mastery level will describe the importance of
scientific innovation and recognize the role of these innovations in
advancing societal, cultural or economic issues; use scientific methodology
to conduct and communicate experiments utilizing safe procedures and
appropriate technology; select an appropriate conclusions from a list of
possible conclusions drawn from experimental data. 
Physics II
students at the novice level will identify the importance of scientific
innovations and associate these innovations with advances in societal,
cultural or economic issues; conduct experiments utilizing safe procedures
and appropriate technology; differentiate between observations and conclusions. 



Objectives 
Students will 


SC.O.PII.1.1 
formulate scientific
explanations based on historical observations and experimental evidence,
accounting for variability in experimental results. 


SC.O.PII.1.2 
demonstrate how a testable
methodology is employed to seek solutions for personal and societal issues
(e.g., “scientific method”). 


SC.O.PII.1.3 
relate societal, cultural
and economic issues to key scientific innovations. 


SC.O.PII.1.4 
conduct and/or design
investigations that incorporate the skills and attitudes and/or values of
scientific inquiry (e.g., established research protocol, accurate record
keeping, replication of results and peer review, objectivity, openness,
skepticism, fairness, or creativity and logic). 


SC.O.PII.1.5 
implement safe procedures
and practices when manipulating equipment, materials, organisms, and models. 


SC.O.PII.1.6 
use appropriate technology
solutions with a problem solving setting to measure and collect data;
interpret data; analyze and/or report data; interact with simulations;
conduct research; and present and communicate conclusions. 


SC.O.PII.1.7 
design, conduct, evaluate
and revise experiments (e.g., compose a question to be investigated, design a
controlled investigation that produces numeric data, evaluate the data in the
context of scientific laws and principles, construct a conclusion based on
findings, propose revisions to investigations based on manipulation of
variables and/or analyze of error, or communicate and define the results and
conclusions). 


SC.O.PII.1.8 
draw conclusions from a
variety of data sources to analyze and interpret systems and models (e.g.,
use graphs and equations to measure and apply variables such as rate and
scale, evaluate changes in trends and cycles, predict the influence of
external variances such as potential sources of error, or interpret maps). 


High School 
Physics 


Standard: 2 
Content of Science 


SC.S.PII.2 
Students will ·
demonstrate
knowledge, understanding, and applications of scientific facts, concepts,
principles, theories, and models as delineated in the objectives. ·
demonstrate an
understanding of the interrelationships among physics, chemistry, biology,
and the earth and space sciences. ·
apply
knowledge, understanding, and skills of science subject matter/concepts to
daily life experiences. 

Performance
Descriptors SC.PD.PII.2 


Distinguished 
Above Mastery 
Master 
Partial Mastery 
Novice 


Physical Science II students
at the distinguished level will differentiate among linear, quadratic, and
inverse relationships found in graphs of motion in terms of position,
velocity, acceleration, and time; evaluate data to deduce mathematical
relationships involving one and two dimensional motion; critique experiments
to verify laws of motion including Newton’s Laws, Conservation of Momentum,
and Conservation of Energy; using knowledge of linear motion equations,
synthesize concepts of rotational motion; design experiments to verify the
effect of variables on the properties and dynamics of fluids; justify
experimental results using concepts of thermal physics; appraise the relative
values of electric force and field strength based on the magnitude of and the
distance from the point charge; design, construct, diagram and evaluate
complex electrical circuits; defend predictions and interpretations of magnetic
forces and magnetic fields, and apply their effect on the motion of a point
charge and to the electric current in a wire or coil; critique
electromagnetic induction and justify its application to particular electric
circuits and various devices; investigate, analyze, and evaluate the concepts
of solidstate physics and the application of semiconductors and
superconductors in the advancement of electronics through the development of
diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits; assess and contrast the kinetic
and potential energies and energy transformations of different oscillating
systems; evaluate wave properties and their interactions; predict how optical
and acoustical devices will incorporate new materials to improve their
effectiveness; appraise the role of technology in the development of
historical models of the atom; summarize and critique evidence for the
historical development of the quantum mechanical theory; justify an atom’s
binding energy as related to Einstein’s special theory of relativity, and
interpret the nuclear forces present; categorize nuclei based on their
placement on the periodic table and proton to neutron ratio to demonstrate
different types of decay processes. 
Physical Science II students
at the above mastery level will compose equations to express the
relationships found in graphs of motion in terms of position, velocity,
acceleration, and time; summarize data to deduce mathematical relationships
involving one and two dimensional motion; design experiments to verify laws
of motion including Newton’s Laws, Conservation of Momentum, and Conservation
of Energy; using knowledge of linear motion equations, synthesize concepts of
rotational motion; evaluate the effect of variables to the properties and
dynamics of fluids; relate experimental results using concepts of thermal
physics; summarize the relative values of electric force and field strength
based on the magnitude of and the distance from the point charge; design,
construct, diagram and evaluate complex electrical circuits; defend
predictions and interpretations of magnetic forces and magnetic fields, and
apply their effect on the motion of a point charge and to the electric
current in a wire or coil; critique electromagnetic induction and evaluate
its application to electric circuits and various devices; investigate,
analyze, and evaluate the concepts of solidstate physics and the application
of semiconductors and superconductors in the advancement of electronics
through the development of diodes, transistors and integrated circuits;
compare and contrast the kinetic and potential energies and energy
transformations of different oscillating systems; analyze wave properties and
their interactions; compare and contrast optical and acoustical devices for
their effective application of wave properties; analyze the role of
technology in the development of historical models of the atom; categorize
evidence for the historical development of the quantum mechanical theory;
analyze an atom’s binding energy as related to Einstein’s special theory of
relativity, and interpret the nuclear forces present; using the proton to
neutron ratio, predict the type of nuclear decay that could occur for nuclei. 
Physical Science II students
at the mastery level will apply graphical analysis to interpret motion in
terms of position, velocity, acceleration, and time; use data to deduce
mathematical relationships involving one and two dimensional motion;
experimentally verify laws of motion including Newton’s Laws, Conservation of
Momentum, and Conservation of Energy; using knowledge of linear motion
equations, synthesis concepts of rotational motion; predict and verify the
effect of variables on the properties and dynamics of fluids; interpret and
apply concepts of thermal physics; deduce the relative values of electric
force and field strength based on the magnitude of and the distance from the
point charge; construct, diagram and evaluate complex electrical circuits;
predict and interpret magnetic forces and magnetic fields, and apply their
effect on the motion of a point charge and to the electric current in a wire
or coil; critique electromagnetic induction and evaluate its application to
electric circuits and various devices; investigate, analyze, and evaluate the
concepts of solidstate physics and the application of semiconductors and
superconductors in the advancement of electronics through the development of
diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits; apply knowledge of simple
harmonic motion to calculate the kinetic and potential energies of the
oscillating system; examine wave properties and their interactions; evaluate
the application of wave properties of the development of optical and
acoustical devices; critique the role of technology in the development of
historical models of the atom; examine evidence for the historical
development of the quantum mechanical theory; calculate an atom’s binding
energy as related to Einstein’s special theory of relativity, and interpret
the nuclear forces present; differentiate between stable and nuclear nuclei,
and if the nucleus is unstable predict he type(s) of nuclear decay. 
Physical Science II students
at the partial mastery level will draw motion graphs to show motion in terms
of position, velocity, acceleration, and time; use data to deduce mathematical
relationships involving one dimensional motion; recognize that laws of motion
including Newton’s Laws, Conservation of Momentum, and Conservation of Energy
can be verified experimentally; perform calculations involving the concepts
of rotational motion; apply Pascal’s Archimedes’, and Bernoulli’s, principles
in everyday situations; apply concepts of thermal physics; relate electric
fields to electric forces and distinguish between them; construct, diagram
and evaluate simple electrical circuits; relate magnetic forces and magnetic
fields, and apply their effect on the motion of a point charge and to the
electric current in a wire or coil; apply electromagnetic induction to
electric circuits and various devices; investigate the concepts of
solidstate physics and the application of semiconductors and superconductors
in the advancement of electronics through the development of diodes,
transistors, and integrated circuits; calculate the kinetic and potential
energies of the oscillating system; review wave properties and their
interactions; research the application of wave properties to the development
of optical and acoustical devices; research the development of historical
models of the atom; describe evidence for the historical development of the
quantum mechanical theory; calculate an atom’s binding energy as related to
Einstein’s special theory of relativity; differentiate between stable and
unstable nuclei and list types of decay that the unstable nuclei could
display. 
Physical Science II students
at the novice level will measure distance and time to calculate velocity and
acceleration; describe mathematical relationships involving one dimensional
motion; perform experiments on motion topics including Newton’s Laws,
Conservation of Momentum, and Conservation of Energy; define the concepts of
rotational; define the properties and dynamics of fluids; state concepts of
thermal physics; calculate the field strength using Coulomb’s Law; construct
and diagram simple electrical circuits; relate magnetism to electric charge
and electricity; describe electromagnetic induction; investigate the
applications of semiconductors and superconductors in the advancement of
electronics through the development of diodes, transistors, and integrated
circuits; calculate the kinetic and/or potential energies of the oscillating
system; list wave properties and their interactions; list optical and
acoustical devices and identify the property that is the basis of the device;
arrange the models of the atom historically; list evidence for the historical
development of the quantum mechanical theory; calculate an atom’s binding
energy; define stable and unstable nuclei and list types of decay that the
unstable nuclei could display. 



Objectives 
Students will 


SC.O.PII.2.1 
apply graphical analysis
to interpret motion in terms of position, velocity, acceleration, and time. 


SC.O.PII.2.2 
use data to deduce
mathematical relationships involving one and two dimensional motion. 


SC.O.PII.2.3 
experimentally
verify laws of motion including 


SC.O.PII.2.4 
using knowledge of
linear motion equations, synthesize concepts of rotational motion (e.g.,
angular speed and acceleration, centripetal acceleration, Newtonian gravitation,
Kepler’s Laws, torque). 


SC.O.PII.2.5 
predict and verify
the effect of variables on the properties and dynamics of fluids. 


SC.O.PII.2.6 
interpret and
apply concepts of thermal physics (e.g., distinction of heat and temperature,
thermal expansion, properties of Ideal Gases, Kinetic Theory, specific heat,
and energy transfer). 


SC.O.PII.2.7 
deduce the
relative values of electric force and field strength based on the magnitude
of and the distance from the point charge (e.g., Coulomb’s Law and inverse
square law). 


SC.O.PII.2.8 
construct, diagram
and evaluate complex electrical circuits. 


SC.O.PII.2.9 
predict and
interpret magnetic forces and magnetic fields, and apply their effect on the
motion of a point charge and to the electric current in a wire or coil. 


SC.O.PII.2.10 
critique
electromagnetic induction and evaluate its application to electric circuits
and various devices. 


SC.O.PII.2.11 
investigate,
analyze, and evaluate the concepts of solidstate physics and the application
of semiconductors and superconductors in the advancement of electronics
through the development of diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits. 


SC.O.PII.2.12 
apply knowledge of
simple harmonic motion (e.g., springs, pendulums and other oscillating
objects) to calculate the kinetic and potential energies of the oscillating
system. 


SC.O.PII.2.13 
examine wave properties and their interactions (e.g., reflection,
refraction, dispersion, total internal deflection, interference, diffraction,
Doppler Shift, beats, and polarization). 


SC.O.PII.2.14 
evaluate the
application of wave properties to the development of optical and acoustical
devices. 


SC.O.PII.2.15 
critique the role
of technology in the development of historical models of the atom (e.g.,
radioactivity, atomic spectra, particle accelerators, etc.). 


SC.O.PII.2.16 
examine evidence
for the historical development of the quantum mechanical theory (e.g.,
Planck’s blackbody radiation, Einstein’s photoelectric effect, deBroglie’s
duality). 


SC.O.PII.2.17 
calculate an
atom’s binding energy as related to Einstein’s special theory of relativity,
and interpret the nuclear forces present. 


SC.O.PII.2.18 
differentiate
between stable and unstable nuclei, and if the nucleus is unstable predict
the type(s) of nuclear decay. 


High School 
Physics II 


Standard: 3 
Application of
Science 


SC.S.PII.3 
Students will ·
demonstrate the
ability to use inquiry process to explore systems, models, and changes. ·
demonstrate an
understanding of the interdependence between science and technology. ·
demonstrate an
understanding of the utilization of technology to gather data and communicate
designs, results and conclusions. ·
demonstrate an
understanding of personal and societal benefits of science, and an
understanding of public policy decisions as related to health, population,
resource and environmental issues. 

Performance
Descriptors SC.PD.PII.3 


Distinguished 
Above Mastery 
Mastery 
Partial Mastery 
Novice 


Physics II
students at the distinguished level will construct, test and analyze complex
systems, models, and changes across science disciplines; use a technology
solution and analyze the science used in the technology; evaluate how a
scientific discovery impacts public policy decisions regarding health,
population resources and environmental issues. 
Physics II students at the above mastery level will construct, test and analyze data to explore systems, models and changes across science disciplines; analyze technological innovations and identify the science that makes them possible; evaluate the personal and societal benefits of a scientific discovery; assess the impacts of a public policy decision regarding health, population resources or environmental issues. 
Physics II
students at the mastery level will test, record and analyze data to explore
systems, models, and changes; analyze a technological innovation and identify
the science that makes it possible; assess positive outcomes and unintended
consequences of a scientific discovery; explain the impacts of a public
policy decision regarding health, population resources or environmental
issues. 
Physics II
students at the partial mastery level will test and record data to explore
systems, models, and changes; explain a technological innovation and identify
the science that makes it possible; identify positive outcomes and unintended
consequences of a scientific discovery; identify the impacts of public policy
decision regarding health, population resources or environmental issues. 
Physics II
students at the novice level will test and record data to explore systems, models
or changes; identify a technological innovation and the science that makes it
possible; identify positive outcomes or unintended consequences of a
scientific discovery; identify the impact of a public policy decision
regarding health, population resources or environmental issues. 



Objectives 
Students will 


SC.O.PII.3.1 
synthesize concepts across various science disciplines to better understand the natural world (e.g., form and functions, systems, or change over time). 


SC.O.PII.3.2 
investigate, compare and design scientific and technological solutions to address personal and societal problems. 


SC.O.PII.3.3 
communicate experimental designs, results and conclusions using advanced technology tools. 


SC.O.PII.3.4 
collaborate to present research on current environmental and technological issues to predict possible solutions. 


SC.O.PII.3.5 
explore occupational opportunities in science, engineering and technology and evaluate the required academic preparation. 


SC.O.PII.3.6 
given a current sciencetechnologysocietal issue, construct and defend potential solutions. 
